MÉMOIRES DE RECHERCHE DE L'INSTITUT :
MOVEMENT & VISUAL MEDITATION
"Paper for the French Transpersonal Institute"
Par Dinu-Stefan Téodorescu
Explain freely the following questions
concerning the research on visual meditation sent earlier:
The meaning and the use of the research in Transpersonal
2. The 4 quadrant
of Ken Wilber and how to use all his possibilities
3. The place of
the research in the 2 sorts of meditation :
eyes,Zen, Tibetan and closed eyes Yoga with Bhru-madhya.
eyes on Third Eye, Ajna chakra to avoid eye movements of dreams.
1. The meaning and the use of
the research in Transpersonal
- The research was done in
the spirit of a science of spirituality (Motoyama, in press)
which seeks to build a spiritual science using scientific
methods (Wilber, in press) as well as all the appropriate
methods such as phenomenology that may explain as accurate
as possible the Transpersonal and the technologies for experiencing
- The research has identified physical changes, the eye movement
patterns which are associated with changes in the mental states,
for achieving Samadhy .
- There seems to be clear cognitive mechanisms in the brain
that are direct connected with different states of mind, and
for the point of a spiritual science, all such mechanisms
must be identified in order to be used consciously in the
creation of spiritual technologies.
The research have been motivated
by a particular incident which was attracting Dinus
attention some years ago, when a psychologist who was instructing
a meditation group for some years, was asking a tibetan lama
at a conference how to visualize correctly. The lama was answering
her in general terms, but because of the secrecy of the tradition,
the psychologist was obliged finally to attained a half year
in retreat in order to be instructed in the visualization
techniques. In order to have a science, it must be open and
with no secrets and as we have entered a new millennium, there
must be a stop to this narrow approaches to spirituality,
which was obliged before to be kept secret because of social
repression and misunderstandings. The research was done for
the purpose to identify the correct visualization techniques
used in different secret traditions, and one of the merit
is that it has identified a precise style of visualization
in order to achieve Samadhy. With this research we can start
to build at the foundation of the new spiritual science, an
open science which is free for everybody to see and try if
there is interest.
- The research proposed that there is a
cognitive mechanism the stabilization of image, either in
visual perception or in visual imagery that has an effect
of habituation of the human cognition and this may be responsible
for achieving a quietness of mind which may culminate in Samadhy.
- The research tries to explain the mechanism of a spiritual
technology which have been used by centuries, not necessarily
understood in terms of brain cognitive function, which have
make easy the creation of superstitions, secrecy and the mysterious.
- The Transpersonal domain is immense, but nevertheless we
can try to build bridges of understanding at the best of our
2. The 4 quadrant of Ken Wilber and how to
use all his possibilities
Ken wilber has proposed a model of the Kosmos
seen as composed of four holarchies which are the inside and
the outside of a holon, in both its individual and collective
In order to analyze fully an individ, there
must to be taking into consideration all the aspects which
are reflected differently in the four quadrants: the interior
and the exterior of the individual, together with the interior
and exterior of his/her environment. All the four holarchies
contain different information that can give together a better
understanding of the individual, as a holistic entity, very
much as the Buddhist low of dependent origination, where everything
is interconnected. To study a phenomenon in such a holistic
manner, must be the norm for the new science of spirituality.
In order to understand the mind, it is necessary to study
the brain, seen as the apparatus through which the mind manifests
itself on the physical plane. Following wilbers model,
the mind of an individual manifested as internal experiences,
feelings, thoughts, images, symbols, belongs to the Upper
Left Quadrant, while the brain belongs to the Upper Right
The integral research seeks to show that
the different quadrants are connected so that the apparition
of a phenomenon in one quadrant determine in a necessary way
the apparition of a specific phenomenon in the other quadrants.
In the present research, the change in the state of mind (Samadhy)
in the Upper Left Quadrant was expected to be reflected in
a direct way in the Upper Right Quadrant as a specific eye
movement pattern. The inference was reversed, inferring from
the effect ( the specific eye movement pattern) the cause
( the state of mind- Samadhy ). An integral science must include
both the methods of the Upper Left Quadrant, which is phenomenology,
joined together with the experimental method, that is the
legitimate research method of the Upper Right Quadrant.
But the science of spirituality is only
half if it doesnt include the collective, the interpretation
of the state of mind through language, in the Lower Left and
Right Quadrants. The language itself is a product of the Lower
Right Quadrant and according to Vigotsky, with the onset of
education of the child, the language becomes an internalized
language, a vehicle for communication in the Lower Left Quadrant.
The states of mind- Samadhy experienced
in the Upper Left Quadrant must be interpreted, for one self
as well as for others, and the interpretation is an act of
cultural collective heritage. In this spiritual- cultural
approach the experiment have been conducted, using a Transpersonal
orientation, based on the integral psychology ( an integration
of personal and transpersonal psychology ) proposed by Ken
In order to build a true integral science
of spirituality, there is the need to work in all the quadrants
to build a new language with its specific interpretation based
on hard data experienced in the Upper Left Quadrant and documented
through experiments in the Upper Right Quadrant.
3. The place of the experiment in the 2
sorts of meditation
a) Open eyes,
Zen , Tibetan and close eyes Yoga with Bhru-madhya
b) Squint eyes
on the Third Eye, Ajna Chakra to avoid eye movements of dreams.
There are many different kinds of meditation,
each concerning different levels of consciousness. The inference
from the experiment was that the physical level must be transcended
as well as the next level, the mental level in order to reach
the Transpersonal, which was covered by different kinds of
manifestations on the different planes.
In order to reach the Transpersonal, in
ITS pure Absolute Essence, the intermediary levels of consciousness
must be switched off, starting with the physical level up
to the mental level. Only when the intermediary levels have
been switched off, only then the pure experience of the Transpersonal
can take place. The pure experience of the Transpersonal mentioned
here is nirvikalpa samadhy, or "absolute samadhy"
in the Zen tradition of Sekida (1977).
The experiment proposed that the intermediary
levels of consciousness manifested in the physical level and
mental level must be switched off by specific meditational
techniques in order to experience the pure nature of consciousness
manifested in the experience of nirvikalpa samadhy or "
This cognitive principle, is closely related
to Patanjalis Yoga fourth step, namely the Pratiarhara,
translated as the withdrawing of the senses from their sense
objects. The experiment have been inspired by the tantric
tradition which make use of many visualization techniques
and is very close to a scientific inquiry.
Concerning Zen, in this traditional practice
the eyes are kept open in order to wipe off the sleep and
the wandering thoughts, but they are not necessary related
to achieving Kensho or Satori (Hirai, 1989).
The tibetan practices are very vast, but
one of the most well known meditations with the eyes open
which can be related to the experiment is known as the "sky-gazing"
meditation ( Surya Das,1997).The unfocused group in the experiment
can be compared with the "sky-gazing" meditation
from the Tibetan tradition which describes the effect of this
"In this sky-gazing meditation , we
dissolve into the infinite by becoming one with the open sky"
( Surya Das, 1997, p.417)
If we compare the two, we can interpret
the "sky- gaze" meditation as a stabilization of
image condition, where the physical visual consciousness is
turned off by the phenomenon. Giving way to higher levels
of consciousness to become evident. The unfocused technique
achieves the same result as the focused technique. This technique
of visualization is a valuable meditation which is evidently
connected with the stabilization of image and Samadhy.
Before going to describe the Yoga visualization
techniques with closed eyes, it is interesting to investigate
the Tibetan techniques with close eyes. As mentioned before,
meditation techniques have been used before for different
purposes, and using different levels of being in order to
achieve specific results.
The most spread visualization technique
in the Tibetan Tradition, either Buddhist or Bon, it is the
Deity Yoga. Deity Yoga is done in two stages, the first stage
is the generation stage and the second is the stage of completion.
In the first stage, the adept generates a vivid image of ones
transformation into a deity which is completed in the second
stage by actually transforming into the deity ( Cozort, 1986;
Sangpo, 1996; Hungtington, 1995).This kind of meditation seems
to be done for the energetical level of the being, so that
the energetical body of the adept is virtually transformed
during the meditation in the body of the Deity:
"...the main effect is for cultivating
your chi and mai; as the image becomes clear and stable, youre
actually cultivating the areas of chi in your own body that
match to the parts you are visualizing in your image."
( Bodri & Shu-Mei, 1998, p.113).
The experiment is done at the lowest level,
the physical and it cant give an answer to the energetical
Returning to yoga, here we must distinguish
between hindu yoga ( Danielou, 1991; Feurstein, 1990) and
buddhist yoga (Eliade, 1969; Cleary, 1995). In the case of
hindu yoga with close eyes with bhru-madhya, the main purpose
is to unite the mind of the adept with the principle of light
( jyotir- maya brahma) and then to merge into the supreme
shape, Vishnu the Principal Pervarder. The adept is instructed
to close the eyes and without any strain to look forward with
the bhru-madhya until the inner light, jyotir naturally appears
(Rajinder Singh, 1996; Kirpal Singh, 1985). The manipulation
of the eyes are not of concern in this meditation technique
and the experiment has little to offer for this practice.
Before considering the Ajna chakra concentration,
we shall want to mention one of the goals in visualization
goals in yoga, namely the awakening of Kundalini, which once
risen to the Sahasrara, can bring the highest Samadhy. Visual
concentration on a certain area or in a specific region has
the effect to rise the Kundalini to that area. One classical
example of visualization of a lotus in the place of the crown
chakra had the effect to awaken Kundalini and rise It to theSahasrara
bringing the experience of Cosmic Consciousness (Krishna,
One traditional practice of third eye concentration
is the practice of Yoga Nidra, which has the effect to awaken
deeper levels of the human being while allowing the physical
body to relax and to be recharged with energy coming from
the higher dimensions of being (Satyananda ,1993; Mishra,1987).
Again, the experiment has little to offer
to this techniques, but in the end it is not that its value
is too little, but that there are so many cognitive, energetical,
spiritual mechanisms that must be discovered in order to establish
a complete spiritual science.
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Awakening the Buddha within. London:
"Eye movement & visual meditation"
par Dinu-Stephan T»odorescu
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